The History and Evolution of BICYCLE – Part 1
Posted on: January 27, 2012. Comments ( 4 )

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The bicycle as a choice of transport is the best in two ways; it blesses both the rider and the ride. A little abstract, maybe? Before I go on to elaborate, a brief history lesson I am sure you will enjoy.

When was the idea of a bicycle first conceived? Historians have agreed to and disputed quite a few versions of the bicycle evolution.


Theory: Gian Giacomo Caprotti, Leonardo Da Vinci’s pupil, makes the first design for a very modern bicycle in 1493.

Historians: We have proven this untrue.

Verdict: It’s a fallacy.

This, however, is something only the Codex Atlanticus, a twelve-volume, bound set of drawings
and writings by Leonardo Da Vinci, originally put together by the sculptor Pompeo Leoni, can truly prove.


Theory: The Frenchman, Comte Mede de Sivrac, designs the celerifere a bicycle precursor with no pedals or steering, which he demonstrates at the Palais-Royal in France. It has a seat mounted on four wheels instead of two. The rider would push-off with his/her feet to power the celerifere and then glide forward.

Historians: We have nothing to dispute.

Verdict: It’s a fact.


Theory: The German Baron Karl Drais von Sauerbronn conceives an improved, two-wheeled version of the celerifere, made entirely of wood, and calls it the Laufmaschine the German word for “running machine” [draisine in English and draisienne in French] The rest is history.

Historians: We have nothing to dispute.

Verdict: It’s a fact.

French photographer and inventor Nicephore Niepce renamed the Laufmaschine as velocipede, Latin for “fast foot”. The term became famous and synonymous with all bicycle-like inventions of the 1800. It was also nicknamed “hobby-horse” or “dandy-horse”, as Drais invented the model as an alternative to the starvation and death of horses due the crop failure of 1816.


Theory: Scottish inventor Kirkpatrick Macmillan devises an assembly of driving levers and pedals to power the velocipede with the rider’s feet off the ground.

Historians: We suspect the British writers made this up to discredit the French record of events.

Verdict: Damn historians !


Theory: Following the Macmillan Bicycle prototype, the French father-son team of carriage-makers, Pierre and Ernest Michaux, first invent the concept of a bicycle in 1863 that operates on pedals and rotary cranks mounted on the front wheel hub. On its inception it was called the “boneshaker” for the bone-rattling experience owing to its iron-banded wheels and rigid frame.

Historians: We agree that they did invent the bicycle in 1863 but a bike-with-pedals model [the Macmillan Bicycle] existed even earlier.

Verdict: It’s a fallacy.

For further advice on selecting the right bike for you, you may send email to and we will have experts from TI Cycles guide you in choosing the right bike. TI Cycles has over 60 years of experience matching bikes to customers and they are more than happy to take the time to ensure you purchase the right bike for your individual requirements.

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Comments (4)


    Nasir Rayadurg says:


    Arun Nampoothiri says:

    Very good article about bicycle.Maybe should try cycling

    Ratnanav Acharya says:

    It is very interesting! More such articles will make good reading!

    Sanjeev says:

    Bicycle is Best vehicle, as it is an Anti also keep fit by regular cycling, as daily exercise …

    Sanjeev Mistry

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