Anil Biswas – The pioneer of orchestral music and playback singing
Posted on: June 8, 2013.

Author: ‘Bale’ Sampat, a Chartered Accountant and a Carnatic Musician.

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Anil Biswas (1914-2003) was the pioneer of orchestral music and playback singing in Indian film music.  He once said that he was the Uncle of Indian film music if R.C.Boral was the father of Indian film music.  He was born in a small village, now in Bangladesh. He was very fond of listening to folk music in his childhood. He could play tabla well by the age 14 and started composing and singing in local music concerts.  In the early 1930s, he made a name for himself as a singer of devotional songs. Biswas also worked as singer, lyricist and composer in Hindustan Recording Company.

Anil Biswas’s first major breakthrough came in Jagirdar (1937) and since then there was no turning back.

A song from Jagirdar (1937)

Anil Biswas’s Kismat (1943) had Ashok Kumar as its hero and the film ran continuously for 3 years. With the songs of Kismat, the popularity of Anil Biswas reached its zenith.

A song from Kismet (1943)

Anil Biswas was the music director who gave breakthrough for two great singers Mukesh and Talat Mahmood.

Mukesh’s Dil Jalta Hai to Jalne De Talat’s ‘Aye Dil Mujhe Aisi Jagah Ley Cha

Anil Biswas had his share in the success of  singers Surendra and also Lata Mangeshkar. Lata once admitted that Anil Biswas gave her tips and trained her in breath control! The great Nausad once said that Anil Biswas was the person who took his hand and show the way of light music!

Anil Biswas was awarded Sangeet Natak Academy award in 1986. He died in 2003

Answer for the last week’s Quiz: 1. Aval Parandhu Poonale 2. Paadinal oru Paatu

Quiz for this week:  Anil Biswas scored the title music of one famous serial of Doordarshan. What is That?

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‘Bale’ Sampat, a Chartered Accountant and a Carnatic Musician, lives in Chennai and teaches Piano.


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