What is “Earth 2.0″? – Part 1
Posted on: July 31, 2015.

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With a few vital statistics, let us try to understand the reason behind scientific humankind’s quest for another Earth-like planet to support human life…

Here’s why we need “Earth 2.0″…

DID YOU KNOW?

1. World population reached 7 billion on October 31, 2011 (Monday). The world’s seven-billionth person—officially designated by the United Nations and acknowledged by then UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan—is a Manila-born Philippine baby girl, Danica May Camacho.

2. Baby Nargis became the world’s first “symbolic” seven-billionth baby, in India. She was born at 7.20 AM on October 31, 2011, in a rural community health centre in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh—the most populous state in India.

3. India’s population reached 1 billion on May 11, 2000 (Thursday). Baby Aastha Arora (today 15 years old), born at 5.05 AM in New Delhi’s Safdarjung Hospital, became India’s billionth baby.

4. According to the United Nations Population Fund, the population of India will reach 1.501 billion in 2045—exceeding China’s population by 5 million people—to become the world’s most populous country.

  • India accounts for 21% of 78 million births per year worldwide and is the largest contributor to annual world population growth, with China in second position at 15%.
  • By 2016, India’s population will exceed the combined total of all the relatively more developed countries—United States, Canada, Japan, Australia, New Zealand and all 51 European countries including Russia.

5. According to the estimates of the Census Commission of India, all four South Indian states registered low fertility rates in terms of the number of children born for each woman—Karnataka, the highest at 1.9, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh/Telangana at 1.8 and Tamil Nadu, India’s second lowest, at 1.7. Diametrically, for an Indian State that maintains the lowest literacy rate, Bihar registered India’s highest fertility rate at 3.4.

6. According to the projected figures of the United Nations and the US Census Bureau –

  • The current world population of 7.33 billion people will touch the 8-billion mark by the middle of 2024—adding 74.4 million people every year.
  • World population will cross the 9-billion mark in 2050 and the 10-billion mark in 2062!
  • World population will peak the scales at 9.22 billion in 2075 & 10.6 billion in 2100 then strongly decline due to plummeting fertility rates in developing countries.
  • World population will improve due to increasing fertility rates in Africa to level at 8.97 billion people in 2300.
  • The population of NigeriaAfrica’s most populous country and presently world’s seventh largest by population (183.9 million people)—will become the world’s third most populous country in 2045 surpassing the United States (after Indonesia in 2034) and is estimated to reach a population of nearly 1 billion people in 2100.

7. We have crossed the below world population milestones:

8. While global food demand stands at around 150% presently, the United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) estimates that global food production must increase by 50% by 2030 (= 200%) and a further 20% by 2050—in the sense that global food demand will more than double (> 200%) by 2050.

9. 1 in every 7 people in the world go to bed hungry and more than 20,000 children under the age of 5 die from hunger daily.

10.  85% of the world’s population lives in the driest half of the planet.

11.  783 million people do not have access to clean water and almost 2.5 billion do not have access to adequate sanitation.

12.  6 to 8 million people die annually from the consequences of disasters and water-related diseases.

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