Science in Daily Life… It’s Interesting!
Posted on: May 25, 2018.

There is Nature, and also natural events that are associated with it. The broadening scope of systematic knowledge that we are witnessing today is the result of the need to explain and comprehend Nature and the subsequent laborious attempts and continuous effort made in that direction.

The birth of what is known today as “Science”, arose from this need. We are reminded of the presence of science in everyday life through routine events like cooking, boiling water, burning candles, curdling milk, and using electricity, motorized vehicles, cell phones, etc.

The significance of science in every day life and its definitive presence around our, appeal to our senses through the above examples. At school, science is classified into distinct lesson groups such as physics, chemistry, biology, geography, and environmental studies to therefore make it convenient for students to study science.

Let us, for instance, take chemistry as it provides a better scope of understanding science in daily life. As one of the broad categories of science, chemistry plays a particularly pivotal role in explaining brain functions and even weather pattern and climate change predications.

Matter, the things around us that are real, which we can feel with our five senses—sight, smell, taste, sound and touch—undergoes change and transformation. The branch of science that deals with the study of change and transformation of matter, and the factors that affect them, is termed “Chemistry”.

The fundamental components that matter is composed of are in constant interaction with each other and with their surroundings—in whole or in parts thereof—which is dealt with in Chemistry, which uses the term “chemical reactions” to refer to these chemical transformations.

There are two states in which carbon occurs—free state and combined state. The occurrence of diamonds, graphite and coal in nature are instances of the existence of carbon in free state. Gaseous hydrocarbons, petroleum, vegetable and organic matter, carbonate rocks etc., are instances of the existence of carbon in combined state.

Atmosphere—the five layers of which, from bottom to top, are troposphere, stratosphere, ionosphere, mesosphere, and exosphere—contains water droplets that are involved in friction between themselves, which eventually result in the formation of clouds as water from the earth’s surface evaporate and subsequently condenses to form atmospheric water droplets.

The particles in the atmosphere—composed of positive and negative charges—are charged by friction. the negative charges accumulate at the bottom of the cloud and the positive charges at the top, a process that is yet to be completely understood, scientifically.

It is, however, believed that the cloud will induce positive charges on the ground nearby as a result of charges that accumulate at an increasing rate. The negative charges on the cloud tend to make a path towards the ground, as the amount of charge increases. Consequently, this results in what we call lightning—a narrow streak of electrical discharge.

The fact that the world we live in is composed of material that are associated with chemical reactions in some way or the other is undeniable. The materials that we come across and use in daily life are either the result of chemical reactions used to manufacture “synthesize” them for commercial purposes, or ones that occur as a result of natural processes.

The process of cooking or boiling water is not the only proof of science in everyday life; a variety of products—from fertilizers used in farming to the skin creams we use—that are a result of simple to complex chemical reactions, manufactured in large-scale industrial environments, are instances of the unquestionable presence of science in everyday life.

To design processes to scale chemical reactions for commercial purposes—production of fertilizers, ceramic superconductors, petroleum products, solvents, polymers, soaps, detergents, etc.—chemical engineers manipulate the laws and principles of chemistry that govern the existence and interaction of atoms and molecules.

The production of new material and chemicals—even more efficient than the present ones that we use—is guided by the addition of new dimensions to our knowledge of chemistry that we acquire through scientific progression…

…and it is in most innovative ways such as these that we experience the importance of science, in day-to-day settings, in our lives.



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