‘Clearing the Air’ on How to Prevent Air Pollution
Posted on: January 4, 2019.

Author: Courtesy: iqsdirectory.com

Amidst news and public imagination being occupied, more than anything else, by global warming, and with our lives being critically impacted by other environmental concerns, the issue of air pollution remains as current as ever—concerns we can’t afford to ignore.

Air pollution—an umbrella term for all things that are a threat to human health, including urban smog, particle pollution, and toxic pollutants—remains an important topic of environmental concern and regulation, and whose sources still require our vigilance and attention, though it may sound quaint when compared with cataclysmic changes to the global climate.

But why exactly is air pollution so problematic?

And if it is, what steps can be taken to minimize it?

What problems are caused by Air Pollution?

While health problems such as asthma, heart and lung disease—a serious threat to public health—are a direct consequence of air pollution, children and older adults also face a significant health hazard.

Lung disease is caused and further aggravated by the presence of particulate matter (PM) and toxic pollutants—nitrogen and sulfur for example, destroy habitats and ecosystems directly—that choke oxygen, contaminate water sources with toxic chemicals, and consequently have an adverse effect on plant and wildlife ecosystems.

Dramatic effects are being noticed in environments around us, due to air pollution. Again, nitrogen and sulfur—two major pollutants released from coal-burning power plants—dissolve in atmospheric water and produce acid rain, which directly causes deforestation—massively impacting ecosystems around the world—and erodes stone structures such as buildings and statues.

Furthermore, nitrogen and phosphates that mix with reserve water bodies like ponds and lakes fertilize their waters and cause algal blooms, a process called “eutrophication”, which de-oxygenate their waters. Although this is a natural process, environmental pollutants vastly accelerate this process, turning lakes and ponds into fetid swamps in a matter of months rather than decades.

What are the critical sources of Air Pollution?

Since these pollutants are an overall ambient threat, we need to take account of the sources. There are four main sources of air pollution:

Each of these contribute to the environmental hazards which impact our health, and each are, unfortunately, integral features of modern life. We cannot simply eliminate these things from our lives.

Simple ways to minimize pollution

    ✔ Reducing the amount of domestic energy, for example, turning the heat down, turning lights off when not in use, using low energy appliances and lights, etc., make a difference.

    ✔ Reducing our consumption of energy, which consequently decreases the amount of industrial activity—the primary cause of air pollution.

    ✔ Taking public transportation reduces the amount of fossil fuels, and consequently, the amount of nitrogen and sulfur oxides, and hydrocarbon being dumped into the atmosphere.

    ✔ The simple practice of “Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle”.

Eventually, the volume of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere are also greatly reduced by such measures.

Courtesy: iqsdirectory.com

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