The Internet of Things (IoT) – Part 1
Posted on: July 5, 2019.

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What is “IoT”?

Simply explained, IoT is a series, cluster, or web of devices connected to the Internet, and use the internet as a medium to communicate with each other. Data and information collected and shared by such connected devices are used to scrutinize complex figures, improve productive efficiency, bring challenging tasks to successful completion, and generate detailed, classified reports.

Subsequently, devices that cannot directly be connected to the Internet—household appliances such as electric fans and light bulbs, electric coffee percolators, traditional television sets, vacuum cleaners, alarm clocks, electric stoves and ironing surfaces, heating and cooling units, analog safety and security systems—use facilitators like sensors and processors to connect to the internet and communicate among themselves or with people.

The list of items that can be made a part of the IoT is, honestly, limitless, with smart appliances and other household technologies making their way to the market. Even those things that typically cannot be connected online, can be ‘facilitated’ to do so via the sensors and processors mentioned above—in all, it is estimated that by 2025, the IoT would have 75 billion connected devices!

Today’s IoT…

IoT, today, is associated with the ‘Smart Home’, by the common population.

    Smoke Detectors – Detects smoke and carbon monoxide. Other types of detectors instantly notify the owners about leaking gas or water.

    Intelligent Lighting – Controls the lights in your house through your tablet or phone, from regulating brightness, scheduling the ‘ON’ and ‘OFF’ timings, and setting color variations in lighting.

    Security Systems – The next level of home security intelligence, with keyless entry, camera surveillance, and automatic alarm systems.

    ✔  Hubs – The central point of contact to tie together the network of smart devices running in your home.

    ✔  Appliances

      ✔  Your dishwasher finishes a load and sends you a text message on the status!

      ✔  Your grocery list is prepared by your fridge!

      ✔  You can shut the coffee pot off from work!

      ✔  You can remotely control the temperature of your cooking devices, and air conditioning!

    ✔  Energy Management – Regulation and management of your electricity, gas, and water consumption happens automatically.

    ✔  Lawn and Landscape Care – Just use your smartphone app to clean your swimming pool, mow your lawn, or turn-on/shut-off the irrigation system.

    ✔  Window Coverings – Your wake up or bedtime schedules are synchronized with your window shades and blinds to open or close automatically at the right time.

Simple digital (or digitally enabled) items, aren’t however, the only things that can be connected online. In fact, the horizon of IoT extends far beyond, logically including even your car. Consequently, the practical business and governmental applications of the IoT are only too obvious. An entire city can be operated as a single entity by digitally connecting its transportation modes like aircrafts or mass transit trains, and infrastructural components like streetlights, bridges, and roadways, facilitated by sensors embedded in buildings of every size and function.

Or, what if the infrastructure of a country was at risk of crumbling? Stresses or faults in the surface or structure—of a bridge or concrete roadway—would be identified and relayed back to a centralized co-ordination center, which would then schedule the appropriate repairs, if sensors were placed in its framework or layered into it. Furthermore, the efficiency and safety of whole cities can be improved with the help of IoT. Specific sensors can be deployed to detect leakage of water within a city’s pipe system and thereby minimize loss of water.

…continued in the next part

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