The Internet of Things (IoT) – Part 2
Posted on: July 26, 2019.

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Also, sensors can be used to monitor garbage collection bins into which local households dispose their garbage, and when a group of garbage bins is full, the sensor—to which the bins are linked—automatically notifies the garbage truck operator for pick-up. This greatly improves managerial efficiency and reduces fuel and manpower costs by optimizing the process.

Another practical application of sensor based IoT—that can lead to improved citywide health—is the testing of drinking water sources like lakes or streams to check its purity. Furthermore, real-time monitoring of natural conditions can help initiate immediate remedial measures in times of disasters, such as wildfires or flash floods.

IoT of the Future

While it is estimated that IoT would have about 30 billion devices connected to it by the end of this decade, 2020, how is IoT set to evolve?

The IoT becomes more, much more, useful than just for accessing a cold beverage, or for simple relaxation. In fact, IoT solutions are expected to invite investments worth USD 70 billion from global manufacturers by 2020, according to Business Insider.

Data collection points—that provide the entry points for the IoT, what are called “edge devices” such as cameras and microphones—would require greater development and programming effort, thereby seeking to benefit from the proliferation of IoT in the coming years, and promoting the expansion of multiple industries like information technology, manufacturing, and industrial services.

Businesses or services that require authentication, or individuals who want to engage with another on a more personal level, would depend on IoT, making it a standard occurrence with professional and personal dealings.

The production flow in a manufacturing unit—that begins with refining and ends with the final products transported from the warehouse—will be improved with the real-time supervision using IoT. Package handling, or information of how a certain shipping method may have damaged or impacted an order, can be ascertained by the use of sensors in the shipping and delivery process.

Safety and quality control aspects of an industrial plant’s daily processes, and efficient monitoring and operation of machines, are among a few deployment strategies that remotely-managed ‘smart factories’ can benefit from, with the growth of IoT.

Providing effective, efficient healthcare at reasonable costs has been, and continues to be, a challenge in the healthcare industry. However, with the evolution of IoT, healthcare will witness a fundamental shift in getting a better alignment.

Interactive advertisements will become an attractive feature of IoT in promoting or publicizing a product or service. The billions of devices connected with and interacting in the realm of IoT, will deliver a huge impact on Artificial Intelligence (AI) Amazon’s Alexa or Google’s Assistant—voice-based services—are already a mainstay at homes in many countries.

Google’s Duplex—its voice-AI offering—is a giant leap in human–AI interaction, connecting those who don’t have time to speak directly with, or those who don’t want to, with a machine interface which has been given the tone and nuance of a human voice, and engineered effectively.

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