General Awareness on Lifestyle Diseases
Posted on: March 7, 2021.

What is Lifestyle Disease?

Inappropriate relationships that a person has with the environment can result in disease—the occurrence of which is primarily based on unhealthy day-to-day habits—characterized as “lifestyle disease”.

Health, fitness, wellbeing, and welfare issues developed by people who become the victims of unhealthy and inappropriate lifestyles, are collectively called lifestyle diseases.

Alarmingly, a sedentary routine that keeps a person inactive for long periods of time can result in a number of health issues—chronic non-communicable diseases—which could be almost life-threatening.

How is LD caused?

Unhealthy personal and occupational choices of people result in respective LDs. Bad food habits, physical inactivity, wrong body posture, and disturbed biological clock, are main factors that contribute to LDs.

The golden rules of good living have been interrupted by LD-causing factors such as changed living habits due to increasing job requirement, sedentary lifestyle, and competitive living.

LD is also strongly influenced by the critical consequences of industrialization, economic liberalization, invasion of international mass media, and proliferation of Information & Communication Technology (ICT).

There is an alarming rise of lifestyle diseases in both urban and rural areas, surpassing communicable and vector-borne diseases like malaria, cholera, and polio.

What are the LD types commonly encountered?

  • Atherosclerosis
  • Cancers
  • Chronic liver disease/cirrhosis
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
  • Diabetes (high blood sugar)
  • High blood cholesterol and Obesity
  • Hypertension
  • Heart disease and stroke
  • Nephritis/Chronic Renal Failure (CRF)/Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)
  • Osteoporosis

Who are at risk of developing some kind of LD?

  • Those who consume unhealthy foods or a high calorie diet—processed foods, energy drinks, artificial sweeteners and fast foods—without adequate exercise.
  • Those who follow modern living habits in an urbanized society resulting in altered eating habits, further worsened by sedentary living, smoking, drinking alcohol, stress, poor sleeping habits.
  • Those who are poorly exposed to sunlight and fresh air.
  • Those who are overstressed by the nature and duration of work, getting no time to spare for exercise and recreation, or to spend with family, relatives, or friends.
  • Those who have poor occupational posture, meals that are unhealthy or untimely, and poor sleeping habits.
  • Those who possess reckless smoking and drinking habits, thinking that smoking acts as a stress buster—a complete myth—which actually only drains physical stamina in the long run.

How can LD be prevented?

Most lifestyle diseases, as the good news goes, are preventable, and also reversible.

✓ Proper balanced diet, physical activity, and respecting to the needs of the biological clock.
✓ Kids who spend too much time slouched in front of the TV or PCs, should be encouraged to enroll in a physical sport or activity they enjoy.
✓ Not participating in highly competitive sports, especially kids, as pressure to succeed is very stressful.
✓ Family outings should include and encourage exercises that are both fun and physically demanding.
✓ A hike or picnic can replace an unhealthy pizza-and-video evening.
✓ Taking a 10-minute break for every hour of sitting—for stretching or for other activities that involve physical movements—decreases ailments caused by frozen occupational postures.

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