Health Benefits of Cardamom
Posted on: September 3, 2021.

Author: Prabhukrishna M, Content Creator/Chief Editor, Yokibu Editorial

What is true cardamom?

Cardamom is a spice that, botanically, belongs to the ginger family—or Zingiberaceae—whose black seeds are enclosed inside a small pod. Technically, cardamom has two main subspecies…

…whose scientific names are Elettaria—green or true cardamom—and Amomum—black, white, or red cardamom—both native to the Indian Subcontinent.

Where did cardamom originate?

Small cardamom has an antiquity that begins in 3,000 BC. Ayurveda and Chinese medicine have, for many years since, been using cardamom traditionally.

Geographically, cardamom grows as wild plants—whose fruits are collected—in the moist forests of southern India, specifically native to the Western Ghats along the Arabian Sea Coast.

Tropical parts of Asia—Bhutan, China, India, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, and Vietnam—and outside—Guatemala in Central America, and Tanzania in East Africa—is where most cardamom is cultivated.

How is the taste of cardamom?

Intensely sweet, minty, and savory, there is a rich aroma to both the seeds and the pod of cardamom.  The flavor and taste of desserts, hot and spicy dishes, as well as aromatic beverages like coffee, and tea…

…are often enhanced with the addition of cardamom—the “Queen of Spices” and third most expensive spice after saffron and vanilla.

Why cardamom?

Before elaborating the evidence-based health benefits of green “true” cardamom, following is a brief to begin with—

  • Has anti-microbial, anti-oxidant, and anti-inflammatory properties
  • Protects heart from 1) elevated cholesterol levels 2) high blood pressure
  • Helps manage diabetes
  • Lowers liver toxicity
  • Carminative for digestive problems
  • Eliminates oral health issues like cavities and bad breath

Relieves Nausea and Vomiting

According to a study published in the International Journal of Preventive Medicine, the urge to vomit following the sensation of nausea is traditionally relieved by consuming cardamom powder—and observed to lessen the severity in pregnancy—or by aromatherapy with cardamom oil.

Improves Respiratory Health

Cardamom exhibits positive potential against respiratory problems—according to a study published in the Bangladesh Journal of Pharmacology, it was shown—in laboratory animals trials—to be effective in opening closed windpipes, and protecting against inhalation injury in the lungs.

Blood circulation—and oxygen uptake—during exercise increases by inhaling cardamom essential oil, as supported by medical evidence.

Relaxes the mind and relieves depression

As an effective choice for handling stressful conditions, it is believed that cardamom—specifically cardamom essential oil, one of the major oils used in aromatherapy—possesses anti-depressant properties.

Based on medical evidence derived from test animals, cardamom extracts were found to lower anxiety symptoms similar to that of PTSD—Post Traumatic Stress Disorder.

According to a study published in the Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, offspring of mice showed enhanced learning, memory, and behavior, after their parents had consumed cardamom during pregnancy.

Improves Liver Health

The hepatoprotective properties of cardamom extracts has been suggested by research to have beneficial effects on the liver—in people with elevated cholesterol levels, triglycerides, and liver inflammation—and the potential to lower the risk of liver diseases.

Cardamom was also found to lower the toxic or damaging effects of antibiotics like gentamicin, according to evidence-based research.

Alleviates discomfort in the digestive tract

Ayurveda, Chinese medicine, and the Unani system have—as a remedy for digestive problems—been traditionally using cardamom for its carminative and stomachic properties.

Acidity, flatulence, stomach cramps, and such gastrointestinal discomforts could potentially be controlled by a distinct, natural component of cardamom—its methanolic extract.

Volatile oils extracted from cardamom may have a positive influence on gastric ulcers, concluded a study  published in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology.

According to a study published in the Phytotherapy Research, cardamom was found to generate a protective bio-shield against Helicobacter pylori—the bacterium linked to stomach ulcers.

Assorted Health Benefits: Sore Throat, Hiccups, and Urinary Disorders

According to evidence-based recommendation, painful sore throats can be controlled by a morning gargling solution of cardamom steeped in boiling water.

Laughing, an awkward swallow, or other conditions can cause spasms in the tissue just below the lungs resulting in hiccups. Preparing a cardamom infusion by boiling cardamom powder in water for an extended time—to concentrate its active components—is recommended as a remedy.

Urinary tract diseases and kidney disorders—such as cystitis, nephritis, bleeding, or gonorrhea—could have been treated by Ayurveda using cardamom.



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