Ways to Correct Postural Problems
Posted on: April 30, 2021.

What is “Posture”?

At any given time of the day, a person is either standing, sitting, or lying down, when not walking. The position of a person’s body while variously doing so, is called posture.

Furthermore, the alignment of a person’s spine with the head, shoulders, and hips, also describes “posture”. Having a neutral spine—properly aligned muscle groups, joints, and ligaments—endorses a good posture.

Stress is reduced, the body is kept flexible, fatigue is reduced, and the body’s overall physical balance is maintained, all by virtue of a good “neutral spine” posture.

How is Posture affected?

It is common occurrence for posture to get bad or misaligned, affecting a person’s appearance, self-confidence, and general well-being. Bad posture is developed unwittingly, without even thinking about it—

  • Leaning over a small screen for a long time
  • Sitting slouched in a sofa or chair
  • Walking about carrying a heavy backpack
  • Doing a job that involves repetitive motions

There are also certain medical reasons for bad posture—

  • Being overweight or pregnant, or wearing poor-quality shoes or high heels
  • Congenital scoliosis (an abnormally curved spine) or one leg being shorter than the other

What are the common types of poor posture?

There are four types as described in the table below—

How can poor posture be corrected?

  • The ergonomics of the workstation must be suitably reconfigured to bring favorable postural changes.
  • The chair at the workstation might have to be changed to alter the way a person sits in it, without he/she having to be personally conscious about posture while concentrating on work.
  • The position at which a person looks at his/her cell phone might have to be changed.
  • The mattress and bed in which a person sleeps might have to be changed to one with the latest ergonomic upgrades.
  • Choose footwear that is not only stylish and well-designed but also comfortable. Flats, wedges, or other more supportive footwear are better choices that high heels or stilettos.
  • Practice breathing deeply and walking properly.

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